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What Is The Difference Between Ethereum and Arbitrum?



What Is The Difference Between Ethereum and Arbitrum?

Ethereum and Arbitrum are two popular blockchain platforms that are often compared to one another.

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a decentralized, open-source blockchain created in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin. It is known primarily for its smart contract functionality that allows developers to create decentralized applications (dApps) that run on the blockchain.

What is Arbitrum?

Arbitrum is a Layer 2 scaling solution built on top of Ethereum that uses optimistic rollups to improve speed, scalability and cost-efficiency on Ethereum.

In this topic, iexclusivenews will look at the key differences between Ethereum and Arbitrum cryptocurrency.

Here Are The Key Differences Between Ethereum and Arbitrum:


The biggest difference between Ethereum and Arbitrum crypto is scalability. Ethereum is notorious for its high transaction fees and slow transaction times, which is a result of its limited scalability.

On the other hand, Arbitrum was designed to address Ethereum’s scalability issues by serving as a Layer 2 scaling solution. This means that it is built on top of Ethereum and is intended to improve the network’s transaction speed and lower fees.

Consensus Mechanisms

Another notable difference between Ethereum and Arbitrum is their consensus mechanisms. Ethereum uses a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithm, which is energy-intensive and requires significant computational resources. In contrast, Arbitrum uses a modified version of the Optimistic Rollups consensus algorithm, which is less energy-intensive and less expensive.

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts are a key feature of both Ethereum and Arbitrum. However, there is a difference in how smart contracts are executed on each platform. Ethereum’s smart contracts are executed directly on the blockchain, meaning that every node on the network must validate the contract’s execution. In contrast, Arbitrum uses an off-chain execution model, where smart contracts are executed outside of the blockchain. This off-chain execution model allows for faster contract execution and lower fees.


Finality refers to the confirmation of a transaction or contract as being securely and permanently recorded on the blockchain. Ethereum uses a probabilistic finality model, which means that there is always a chance that a block could be rewound or reorganized by a malicious actor. In contrast, Arbitrum uses a guarantee finality model, which provides a higher level of security because it requires all nodes on the network to reach a consensus on each block.

iexclusivenews Conclusion on Ethereum and Arbitrum 

In conclusion, while Ethereum and Arbitrum share certain similarities, such as their support of smart contracts, there are some notable differences between the two.

The most significant difference is in their scalability, with Arbitrum being designed as a scaling solution for Ethereum.

Additionally, Arbitrum uses a less energy-intensive consensus mechanism, an off-chain smart contract execution model, and a guarantee finality model for added security.

These features make Arbitrum an attractive option for those looking to avoid Ethereum’s high fees and slow transaction times.